Buy a Fuel-Efficient, Low-Emissions or an Electric Vehicle
The best way to set your driving habits up for eco-friendliness is by driving a vehicle that’s fuel-efficient and emits the lowest amount of greenhouse gases possible. Fortunately, finding a car that meets these requirements is getting easier and more affordable each year. Also, India should have more widely available electric cars by 2024.
Drive Slower and Smarter
Not only what you drive impacts your carbon footprint, but also how you drive. You’ll improve your gas mileage and emit fewer greenhouse gases by simply avoiding hard accelerations and slamming on the brakes. When approaching traffic lights or a need to stop, if it’s safe to do so try reducing your speed more gradually by easing off the accelerator, rather than having to brake. If you can avoid stopping completely, you’ll increase your fuel efficiency. Make a habit of never idling for more than 30 seconds while sitting in your car.
Keep Up with Regular Maintenance
Another tip that will save you money and protect the environment, in the long run, is to keep up with regular vehicle maintenance. A well-maintained car will ride much smoother and more efficiently than a neglected, gas-guzzling car.
Give Renewable Fuels a Try
A popular alternative to petrol and diesel vehicles is compressed natural gas (CNG). There are plenty of CNG cars on Indian roads, especially in the cities. Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) is safe, efficient, costs less, abundant, and readily available.
Check Your Tires Regularly
If your tires aren’t properly inflated, you’ll be reducing your gas mileage and emitting more pollutants into the air. Check your tires regularly with a pressure gauge to make sure that all tires are inflated.
If you drive a manual transmission car, shifting gears can really impact your fuel economy and eco-efficiency too. Drivers of standard transmission vehicles can reduce gas consumption by anticipating speed changes. Fuel consumption is directly related to how hard the engine is working. Use first gear only when you’re coming out of neutral, and shift gears as quickly as possible to avoid overworking or “lugging” the engine. Moving through the gears as quickly as possible will help you use fuel more economically.
Plan Your Journey
Rather than being on the road at peak times – and sitting for hours in queues with the engine idling – consider driving when others are tucked up in bed. Similarly, check whether an alternative route may be quicker – even if it’s actually longer in mileage terms. If it’s less popular then there’s a chance it’ll actually take less time.
Make it More Aerodynamic
Avoid fixing roof racks, boxes, carriers or cycle stands as these will increase air resistance and lead to higher fuel consumption.
Look to fill any free seats in your car. Not only will this reduce the number of vehicles heading in the same direction but your passengers can chip in with petrol money. The broader concept of car sharing is certainly on the rise. Don't forget to share the load and have your mates drive for some of the journeys.
Walk, Bike, and Take Public Transportation
Give your vehicle an occasional break and travel by other eco-friendly means when possible. If you can walk, bike, or take public transportation to work or school just once or twice a week, you’ll significantly reduce your personal greenhouse gas emissions.
Fuel usage is a major factor in your carbon footprint, adapting these techniques would reduce your footprint significantly.